What is IPM?
The concept of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is applied since the 80s in museums, historic houses, archives and libraries. It tries to reduce the application of biocides and focuses on prevention, monitoring and using nonchemical treatment methods. Historic biocides like Methylbromide, DDT or Lindane have resulted in many problems in museums not only for the objects but also the health of the staff working closely with the objects in a museum.
Therefore Integrated Pest Management uses a holistic concept with a strong focus on prevention (sealing the building, regulating the climate, regular cleaning, good housekeeping and quarantine), monitoring (regular checking of traps and objects for early detection of an infestation; localisation of active infestations and entry points) and alternative treatment methods (N2, CO2, freezing and humidity regulated heat treatment). Conventional treatment methods are only used in emergencies and as a last alternative. This concept protects the objects and the health of museum staff. IPM is also sustainable, more efficient and protects the environment. A part of IPM is a regular risk assessment.